Liturgical Colour : Black
John 18 : 1-40 and John 19 : 1-42
Passio Domini nostri Jesu Christi Secundum Joannem
In illo tempore : Egressus est Jesus cum discipulis Suis trans torrentem Cedron, ubi erat hortus, in quem introivit ipse et discipuli Ejus. Sciebat autem et Judas, quit tradebat eum, locum : quia frequenter Jesus convenerat illuc cum discipulis Suis. Judas ergo cum accepisset cohortem, et a pontificibus et pharisaeis ministros, venit illuc cum laternis et facibus et armis.
Jesus itaque sciens omnia, quae ventura erant super Eum, processit, et dixit eis : Quem quaeritis? Responderunt Ei : Jesum Nazarenum. Dicit eis Jesus : Ego Sum. Stabat autem et Judas, qui tradebat Eum, cum ipsis. Ut ergo dixit Eis : Ego Sum : abierunt retrorsum, et ceciderunt in terram. Iterum ergo interrogavit Eos : Quem quaeritis? Illi autem dixerunt : Jesum Nazarenum. Respondit Jesus : Dixi vobis, quia Ego Sum : si ergo Me quaeritis, sinite hos abire. Ut impleretur sermo, quem dixit : Quia quos dedisti mihi, non perdidi ex Eis quemquam.
Simon ergo Petrus habens gladium eduxit eum : et percussit pontificis servum : et abscidit auriculam ejus dexteram. Erat autem nomen servo Malchus. Dixit ergo Jesus Petro : Mitte gladium tuum in vaginam. Calicem, quem dedit mihi Pater, non bibam illum? Cohors ergo et tribunus et ministri Judaeorum comprehenderunt Jesum, et ligaverunt Eum : et adduxerunt Eum ad Annam primum, erat enim socer Caiphae, qui erat pontifex anni illius.
Erat autem Caiphas, qui consilium dederat Judaeis : Quia expedit, unum hominem mori pro populo. Sequebatur autem Jesum Simon Petrus et alius discipulus. Discipulus autem ille erat notus pontifici, et introivit cum Jesu in atrium pontificis. Petrus autem stabat ad ostium foris. Exivit ergo discipulus alius, qui erat notus pontifici, et dixit ostiariae : et introduxit Petrum. Dicit ergo Petro ancilla ostiaria : Numquid et tu ex discipulis es hominis istius? Dicit ille : Non sum. Stabant autem servi et ministri ad prunas, quia frigus erat, et calefaciebant se : erat autem cum eis et Petrus stans et calefaciens se.
Pontifex ergo interrogavit Jesum de discipulis Suis et de doctrina Ejus. Respondit ei Jesus : Ego palam locutus sum mundo : Ego semper docui in synagoga et in Templo, quo omnes Judaei conveniunt : et in occulto locutus sum nihil. Quid me interrogas? Interroga eos, qui audierunt, quid locutus sim ipsis : ecce, hi sciuntm quae dixerim Ego. Haec autem cum dixisset, unus assistens ministrorum dedit alapam Jesu, dicens : Sic respondens pontifici? Respondit ei Jesus : Si male locutus sum, testimonium perhibe de malo : si autem bene, quid me caedis?
Et misit eum Annas ligatum ad Caipham pontificem. Erat autem Simon Petrus stans et calefaciens se. Dixerunt ergo ei : Numquid ei tu ex discipulis Ejus es? Negavit ille et dixit : Non sum. Dicit ei unus ex servis pontificis, cognatus ejus, cujus abscidit Petrus auriculam : Nonne ego te vidi in horto cum illo? Iterum ergo negavit Petrus : et statim gallus cantavit.
Adducunt ergo Jesum a Caipha in praetorium. Erat autem mane : et ipsi non introierunt in praetorium, ut non contaminarentur, sed ut manducarent pascha. Exivit ergo Pilatus ad eos foras et dixit : Quam accusationem affertis adversus Hominem hunc? Responderunt et dixerunt ei : Si non esset hic malefactor, non tibi tradidissemus Eum. Dixit ergo eis Pilatus : Accipite eum vos, et secundum legem vestram judicate Eum. Dixerunt ergo ei Judaei : Nobis non licet interficere quemquam. Ut sermo Jesu impleretur, quem dixit, significans, qua morte esset moriturus.
Introivit ergo iterum in praetorium Pilatus, et vocavit Jesum et dixit ei : Tu es Rex Judaeorum? Respondit Jesus : A temetipso hoc dicis, an alii dixerunt tibi de Me? Respondit Pilatus : Numquid ego Judaeus sum? Gens Tua et pontifices tradiderunt Te mihi : quid fecisti? Respondit Jesus : Regnum Meum non est de hoc mundo. Si ex hoc mundo esset Regnum Meum, ministri Mei utique decertarent, ut non traderer Judaeis : nunc autem Regnum Meum non est hinc.
Dixit itaque Ei Pilatus : Ergo Rex es Tu? Respondit Jesus : Tu dicis, quia Rex sum Ego. Ego in hoc natus sum et ad hoc veni in mundum, ut testimonium perhibeam veritati : omnis, qui est ex veritate, audit vocem Meam. Dicit Ei Pilatus : Quid est veritas? Et cum hoc dixisset, iterum exivit ad Judaeos, et dicit eis : Ego nullam invenio in Eo causam. Est autem consuetudo vobis, ut unum dimittam vobis in Pascha : vultis ergo dimittam vobis Regem Judaeorum? Clamaverunt ergo rursum omnes, dicentes : Non Hunc, sed Barabbam. Erat autem Barabbas latro.
Tunc ergo apprehendit Pilatus Jesum et flagellavit. Et milites plectentes coronam de spinis, imposuerunt capiti Ejus : et veste purpurea circumdederunt Eum. Et veniebant ad Eum, et dicebant : Ave, Rex Judaeorum. Et dabant Ei alapas.
Exivit ergo iterum Pilatus foras et dicit eis : Ecce, adduco vobis eum foras, ut cognoscatis, quia nullam invenio in Eo causam. (Exivit ergo Jesus portans coronam spineam et purpureum vestimentum.) Et dicit eis : Ecce Homo. Cum ergo vidissent eum pontifices et ministri, clamabant, dicentes : Crucifige, crucifige Eum. Dicit eis Pilatus : Accipite Eum vos et crucifigite : ego enim non invenio in Eo causam. Responderunt ei Judaei : Nos legem habemus, et secundum legem debet mori, quia Filium Dei se fecit. Cum ergo audisset Pilatus hunc sermonem magis timuit.
Et ingressus est praetorium iterum : et dixit ad Jesum : Unde es Tu? Jesus autem responsum non dedit ei. Dicit ergo Ei Pilatus : Mihi non loqueris? nescis, quia potestatem habeo crucifigere Te, et potestatem habeo dimittere Te? Respondit Jesus : Non haberes potestatem adversum Me ullam, nisi tibi datum esset desuper. Propterea, qui Me tradidit tibi, majus peccatum habet. Et exinde quaerebat Pilatus dimittere Eum. Judaei autem clamabant dicentes : Si hunc dimittis, non es amicus Caesaris. Omnis enim, qui se regem facit, contradicit Caesari. Pilatus autem cum audisset hos sermones, adduxit foras Jesum, et sedit pro tribunali, in loco, qui dicitur Lithostrotos, hebraice autem Gabbatha. Erat autem Parasceve Paschae, hora quasi sexta, et dicit Judaeis : Ecce Rex vester. Illi autem clamabant : Tolle, Tolle, crucifige Eum. Dicit eis Pilatus : Regem vestrum crucifigam? Responderunt pontifices : Non habemus regem nisi Caesarem. Tunc ergo tradidit eis illum, ut crucifigeretur.
Susceperunt autem Jesum et eduxerunt. Et bajulans sibi Crucem, exivit in Eum, qui dicitur Calvariae, locum, hebraice autem Golgotha : ubi crucifixerunt Eum, et cum Eo alios duos, hinc et hinc, medium autem Jesum.
Scripsit autem et titulum Pilatus : et posuit super Crucem. Erat autem scriptum : Jesus Nazarenus, Rex Judaeorum. Hunc ergo titulum multi Judaeorum legerunt, quia prope civitatem erat locus, ubi crucifixus est Jesus. Et erat scriptum hebraice, graece et latine. Dicebant ergo Pilato pontifices Judaeorum : Noli scribere Rex Judaeorum, sed quia ipse dixit : Rex sum Judaeorum. Respondit Pilatus : Quod scripsi, scripsi.
Milites ergo cum crucifixissent Eum, acceperunt vestimenta Ejus (et fecerunt quatuor partes : unicuique militi partem), et tunicam. Erat autem tunica inconsutilis, desuper contexta per totum. Dixerunt ergo ad invicem : Non scindamus eam, sed sortiamur de illa, cujus sit. Ut Scriptura impleretur, dicens : Partiti sunt vestimenta Mea sibi : et in vestem Meam miserunt sortem. Et milites quidem haec fecerunt.
Stabant autem juxta Crucem Jesu Mater Ejus et soror Matris Ejus, Maria Cleophae, et Maria Magdalene. Cum vidisset ergo Jesus Matrem et discipulum stantem, quem diligebat, dicit Matri Suae : Mulier, ecce filius tuus. Deinde dicit discipulo : Ecce Mater tua. Et ex illa hora accepit eam discipulus in sua.
Postea sciens Jesus, quia omnia consummata sunt, ut consummaretur Scriptura, dixit : Sitio. Vas ergo erat positum aceto plenum. Illi autem spongiam plenam aceto, hyssopo circumponentes, obtulerunt ori Ejus. Cum ergo accepisset Jesus acetum, dixit : Consummatum est. Et inclinate capite tradidit Spiritum.
Judaei ergo (quoniam Parasceve erat), ut non remanerent in cruce corpora sabbato (erat enim magnus dies ille sabbati), rogaverunt Pilatum, ut frangerentur eorum crura et tollerentur. Venerunt ergo milites : et primi quidem fregerunt crura et alterius, qui crucifixus est cum Eo. Ad Jesum autem cum venissent, ut viderunt Eum jam mortuum, non fregerunt Ejus crura, sed unus militum lancea latus Ejus aperuit, et continuo exivit Sanguis et aqua.
Et qui vidit, testimonium perhibuit : et verum est testimonium ejus. Et ille scit, quia vera dicit : ut et vos credatis. Facta sunt enim haec, ut Scriptura impleretur. Os non comminuetis ex Eo. Et iterum alia Scriptura dicit : Videbunt in quem transfixerunt.
Post haec autem rogavit Pilatum Joseph ab Arimathaea (eo quod esset discipulus Jesu, occultus autem propter metum Judaeorum), ut tolleret Corpus Jesu. Et permisit Pilatus. Venit ergo et tulit Corpus Jesu. Venit autem et Nicodemus, qui venerat ad Jesum nocte primum, ferens mixturam myrrhae et aloes, quasi libras centum. Acceperunt ergo Corpus Jesu, et ligaverunt illud linteis cum aromatibus, sicut mos est Judaeis sepelire. Erat autem in loco, ubi crucifixus est, hortus : et in horto monumentum novum, in quo nondum quisquam positus erat. Ibi ergo propter Parasceven Judaeorum, quia juxta erat monumentum, posuerunt Jesum.
The Passion of Our Lord Jesus Christ according to St. John
At that time Jesus went forth with His disciples over the brook Cedron, where there was a garden, into which He entered with His disciples. And Judas also, who betrayed Him, knew the place, because Jesus had often resorted there together with His disciples. Judas therefore having received a band of soldiers and servants from the chief priests and the Pharisees, came there with lanterns and torches and weapons.
Jesus therefore, knowing that all things that should come upon Him, went forth and said to them, “Whom do you seek?” They answered Him, “Jesus of Nazareth.” Jesus said to them, “I am He.” And Judas also, who betrayed Him, stood with them. As soon therefore as He had said to them, “I am He.”, they went backward and fell to the ground. Again therefore He asked them, “Whom do you seek?” And they said, “Jesus of Nazareth.” Jesus answered, “I have told you that I am He. If therefore you seek Me, let these go their way.” That the word might be fulfilled which He said, “Of those whom You have given me, I have not lost anyone.”
Then Simon Peter, having a sword, drew it and struck the servant of the High Priest and cut off his right ear. And the name of the servant was Malchus. Jesus therefore said to Peter, “Put up your sword in the scabbard. The chalice which My Father had given Me, shall I not drink it?” Then the band and the tribune and the servants of the Jews took Jesus, and bound Him. And they led Him away to Annas first, for he was father-in-law to Caiphas, who was the high priest that year.
Now Caiphas was he who had given the counsel to the Jews, that it was expedient that One Man should die fo the people. And Simon Peter followed Jesus, and so did another disciple. And that disciple was known to the High Priest and went in with Jesus into the court of the High Priest. But Peter stood at the door outside. The other disciple therefore, who was known to the High Priest, went out and spoke to the portress and brought in Peter. The maid therefore that was the portress said to Peter, “Are you not also one of this Man’s disciples?” He said, “I am not.” Now the servants and ministers stood at a fire of coals, because it was cold, and warmed themselves. And with them was Peter also, standing, and warming himself.
The High Priest therefore asked Jesus of His disciples and of His doctrine. Jesus answered him, “I have spoken openly to the world. I have always taught in the synagogue and in the Temple, where all the Jews resort, and I have spoken nothing in secret. Why do you ask Me? Ask those who have heard what I have spoken unto them. Behold, they know what things I have said.” And when He had said these things, one of the servants, standing by, slapped Jesus, saying, “Is that how You answer the High Priest?” Jesus answered him, “If I have spoken evil, give testimony of the evil, but if well, why did you strike Me?”
And Annas sent Him bound to Caiphas the High Priest. And Simon Peter was standing and warming himself. They said therefore to him, “Are you not also one of His disciples?” He denied it and said, “I am not.” One of the servants of the High Priest (a kinsman to the one whose ear Peter cut off) said to him, “Did I not see you in the garden with Him?” Again therefore Peter denied, and immediately, the cock crew.
They then led Jesus from Caiphas to the governor’s hall. And it was morning, and they did not go into the hall, that they might not be defiled, so that they could eat the Passover. Pilate therefore went out to them and said, “What accusation did you bring against this Man?” They answered and said to him, “If He were not a malefactor, we would not have delivered Him unto you.” Pilate therefore said to them, “Take Him yourself, and judge Him according to your law.” The Jews therefore said to him, “It is not lawful for us to put any man to death.” This is so that the word of Jesus might be fulfilled, which He said, signifying by what kind of death He should die.
Pilate therefore went into the hall again and called Jesus and said to Him, “Are You the King of the Jews?” Jesus answered, “Did you say this thing of yourself, or have others told it to you of Me?” Pilate answered, “Am I a Jew? Your own nation and the chief priests have delivered You up to me, what have You done?” Jesus answered, “My Kingdom is not of this world. If My Kingdom were of this world, My servants would certainly strive that I should not be delivered to the Jews, but now My Kingdom is not from hence.”
Pilate therefore said to Him, “Are You a King then?” Jesus answered, “You said I am a King. For this I was born, and for this I came into the world, that I should give testimony of the truth. Every one that is of the truth hears My voice.” Pilate said to Him, “What is truth?” And when he had said this, he went out again to the Jews and said to them, “I find no cause in Him. But you have a custom that I should release one unto you at the Passover. Will you, therefore, that I release unto you the King of the Jews?” Then they cried all again, saying, “Not this Man, but Barabbas.” Now Barabbas was a robber.
Then therefore Pilate took Jesus and scourged Him. And the soldiers put together a crown of thorns, putting it upon His head, and they put on Him a purple garment. And they came to Him and said, “Hail, King of the Jews!” and they slapped Him.
Pilate therefore went forth again and said to them, “Behold, I bring Him forth unto you, that you may know that I find no cause in Him. (Jesus therefore came forth, bearing the crown of thorns and the purple garment.) And he said to them, “Behold the Man!” When the chief priests, therefore, and the servants had seen Him, they cried out, saying, “Crucify Him! Crucify Him!” Pilate said to them, “Take Him yourself, and crucify Him, for I find no cause in Him.” The Jews answered him, “We have a law, and according to the law He ought to die, because He made Himself the Son of God.” When Pilate, therefore, had heard this saying, he feared all the more.
And he entered into the hall again, and he said to Jesus, “Where did You come from?” But Jesus gave him no answer. Pilate therefore said to Him, “Do You not want to speak to Me? Do You know that I have the power to crucify You, and I have the power to release You?
” Jesus answered, “You should not have any power against Me, unless it were given to you from above. Therefore, he that had delivered Me to you had the greater sin.
” And from henceforth, Pilate sought to release Him. But the Jews cried out, saying, “If you release this Man, you are not the friend of Caesar. For whoever made Himself a King spoke against Caesar.” Now, when Pilate heard those words, he brought Jesus forth and sat down in the seat of judgment, in the place that is called Lithostrotos, and in Hebrew Gabbatha. And it was the eve of the Passover, about the sixth hour, and he said to the Jews, “Behold your King.” But they cried out, “Away with Him! Away with Him! Crucify Him!” Pilate said to them, “Shall I crucify your King?” The chief priests answered, “We have no king but Caesar.” Then therefore, he delivered Him to them to be crucified.
And they took Jesus and led Him forth. And bearing His cross, He went forth to that place which is called Calvary but in Hebrew, Golgotha, where they crucified Him, and with Him two others, one on each side and Jesus in the middle of them.
And Pilate also wrote a title, and he put it upon the Cross. And the writing was, ‘Jesus of Nazareth, the King of the Jews.’ This title therefore was read by many of the Jews, because the place where Jesus was crucified was near to the city. And it was written in Hebrew, in Greek and in Latin. Then the chief priests of the Jews said to Pilate, “Do not write, the King of the Jews, but that He said, I am the King of the Jews.” Pilate answered, “What I have written, I have written.
The soldiers therefore, when they had crucified Him, took His garments (and they made four parts, to every soldier a part) and also His coat. Now the coat was without seam, woven from the top throughout. They then said to one another, “Let us not cut it, but let us cast lots for it, whose it shall be.” This is so that the Scripture may be fulfilled, which said, ‘They have parted My garments among them, and upon My vesture they have cast lots.’ And the soldiers indeed did these things.
Now there stood by the Cross of Jesus His mother, and His mother’s sister, Mary of Cleophas, and Mary Magdalene. When Jesus therefore had seen His mother and the disciple standing whom He loved, He said to His mother,
“Woman, behold your son.” After that, He said to the disciple, “Behold your Mother.” And from that hour, the disciple took her to his own house.
Afterwards, Jesus, knowing that all things were now accomplished, that the Scriptures might be fulfilled, said, “I thirst.” Now there was a vessel set there, full of vinegar. And they, putting a sponge full of vinegar about a hyssop, put it to His mouth. Jesus therefore, when He had taken the vinegar, said, “It is consummated.” And bowing His head, He gave up the Spirit.
Then the Jews (because it was the eve of the Passover), that the bodies might not remain upon the cross on the Sabbath day (for that was a great Sabbath day), sought for Pilate that their legs might be broken and that they might be taken away. The soldiers therefore came, and they broke the legs of the first, and of the other that was crucified with Him. But after they came to Jesus, when they saw that He was already dead, they did not break His legs. But one of the soldiers with a spear opened His side, and immediately there came out Blood and water.
And he who saw it had given testimony, and his testimony is true. And he knew that what he said is true, that you may also believe. For these things were done that the Scripture might be fulfilled : ‘You shall not break a bone of Him.’ And again another Scripture said : ‘They shall look on Him Whom they pierced.’
And after these things, Joseph of Arimathea (because he was a disciple of Jesus, but secretly for fear of the Jews) sought for Pilate that he might take away the Body of Jesus. And Pilate gave him leave for that. He came therefore and took away the Body of Jesus. And Nicodemus also came (he who at the first came to Jesus by night), bringing a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about a hundred pound in weight. They took therefore the Body of Jesus and bound it in linen cloths, with the spices, as the manner of how the Jews buried their dead. Now there was in the place where He was crucified a garden, and in the garden a new sepulchre, in which no man had yet been laid. There, therefore, because of the eve of the Jewish Passover, they laid Jesus, because the sepulchre was nigh at hand.