Liturgical Colour : Violet
Lectio Epistolae Beati Pauli Apostoli ad Galatas – Lesson from the Epistle of Blessed Paul the Apostle to the Galatians
Galatians 4 : 22-31
Fratres : Scriptum est : Quoniam Abraham duos filios habuit : unum de ancilla, et unum de libera. Sed qui de ancilla, secundum carnem natus est: qui autem de libera, per repromissionem : quae sunt per allegoriam dicta.
Haec enim sunt duo testamenta. Unum quidem in monte Sina, in servitutem generans : quae est Agar : Sina enim mons est in Arabia, qui conjunctus est ei, quae nunc est Jerusalem, et servit cum filiis suis. Illa autem, quae sursum est Jerusalem, libera est, quae est mater nostra.
Scriptum est enim : Laetare, sterilis, quae non paris : erumpe, et clama, quae non parturis : quia multi filii desertae, magis quam ejus, quae habet virum. Nos autem, fratres, secundum Isaac promissionis filii sumus. Sed quomodo tunc is, qui secundum carnem natus fuerat, persequebatur eum, qui secundum spiritum : ita et nunc.
Sed quid dicit Scriptura? Ejice ancillam et filium ejus : non enim heres erit filius ancillae cum filio liberae. Itaque, fratres, non sumus ancillae filii, sed liberae : qua libertate Christus non liberavit.
Brethren, it is written that Abraham had two sons, one by a slave woman, and another by a free woman. But he who was born of the slave woman was born according to the flesh, and he who was born of the free woman was born by promise. These things are said by an allegory.
For these are the two testaments, the one from Mount Sinai, engendering unto bondage, who is Hagar, for Sinai is a mountain in Arabia, which had affinity to that of Jerusalem which now is, and is in bondage with her children. But the Jerusalem that is above is free, which is our mother.
For it is written, “Rejoice, you who were barren who could not bear child, break forth and cry, you who do not travail, for many are the children of the desolate, more than that of she who has a husband.” Now we, brethren, as Isaac was, are the children of promise. But as then he who was born according to the flesh persecuted he who was after the spirit, so it is also now.
But what does the Scripture say? Cast out the slave woman and her son, for the son of the slave woman shall not be the heir with the son of the free woman. So then, brethren, we are not the children of the slave woman, but of the free. By the freedom with which Christ had made us free.